World Health Organization (WHO): History, Definition, Headquarters, Regions, Board Members, Chairman, Guidelines, Journals

In today’s time, as much priority as man is giving to money, equal priority should be given to health, but many people are still not aware of health. As it is also said, “Health is Wealth”; If there is no health, what will we do with our money? Many people are running after money all their life; for them, money is everything. But in this race, they cannot keep their body healthy, and if the disease takes serious form in the future, all the money earned goes towards hospital expenses. The World Health Organization has an important contribution to make us all aware of health and to give information about it. Keeping in mind the dangers of future diseases, the World Health Organization already warns the whole world to be aware of this in advance.

World Health Organization (WHO) Definition

World Health Organization to provide leadership in world health matters, shape the health research agenda, set rules and standards, offer evidence-based policy options, provide technical support to countries, and monitor and assess health trends Is responsible. The World Health Organization is an intergovernmental organization that is the United Nations’ specialist agency for health. The World Health Organization has 194 member countries and two affiliated members. The World Health Organization provides technical assistance in key health and family welfare programs and health care facilities. Activities under the World Health Organization are funded through two sources:

  • Contributions from member countries fund the country’s budget.
  • Extra budgetary resources that come from
    • donations from various sources for general or specific aspects of health
    • Countries funding through the World Health Organization by other member states or institution agencies

Establishment and Headquarters of the World Health Organization

The constitution of the World Health Organization was adopted on 22 July 1946 and came into force on 7 April 1948. Thus the World Health Organization was established on 7 April 1948. At the time of the establishment of WHO, its constitution was signed by 61 countries. Its first meeting was held on 24 July 1948. The headquarters of WHO is located in the city of Geneva, Switzerland. India is also a member country of the World Health Organization, and its Indian headquarters is located in the capital Delhi.

History of WHO

An international sanitation conference was held in Venice in 1892, fueled by the spread of Asian cholera earlier in that century. The first international organization to cover this area was the Pan-American Sanitary Bureau in 1902. The Office International d’Hygiene Public was established in Paris in 1907 to oversee international regulations regarding the quarantine of ships and ports to prevent the spread of plague and cholera and to administer other public health conventions.

The League of Nations Health Organization was established after World War I. These health efforts were interrupted by World War II, during which the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) also played a role in international health initiatives.

During the United Nations Conference on International Organization, references to health were included in the United Nations Charter at the request of Brazil. It likewise passed a declaration that an international health body would be established. Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru also gave his opinion in favor of starting WHO.

In February 1946, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations helped draft the constitution of the new body. The draft constitution was signed in June 1946 by representatives of 61 countries.

The WHO’s constitution developed from four documents submitted by the French, British, United States, and Yugoslav governments. There was a consensus that membership should not be limited to members of the United Nations, and other countries were allowed to send observers to the drafting process to this effect.

The International Health Conference took place between 19 June and 22 July 1946, with representatives from all 51 UN members, 13 non-member countries, 3 affiliated commissions, and 10 international organizations. Dr. Thomas Parran served as the chairman of the conference. By 22 July 1946, all 61 countries had signed the constitution of the World Health Organization. Its constitution formally came into force on 7 April 1948, the first World Health Day. After establishing the World Health Organization in 1948, for 10 years (1958), the organization focused only on developing countries.

From 1958 to 1968, many countries joined the organization, many independent colonies in Africa. The World Health Organization joined hands with the world chemical industry in the 1960s to develop insecticides that fight disease vectors such as river blindness and schistosomiasis.

The organization declared the decade between 1981 and 1990 as the ‘International Decade of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation’. This decade focused on all the countries of the world which were facing the problem of water. This decade focused on providing clean and safe drinking water in all the countries concerned.

The World Health Organization also made a significant contribution to preventing the Ebola virus outbreak in Congo in 1995.In 2000, the World Health Organization linked the Global Public Health Intelligence Network with the ‘Global Outbreak Alert Response Network’ to enable accurate analysis of health-related events.

World Health Organization (WHO) Regions & Offices (Branches)

The headquarter of the World Health Organization is located in Geneva, Switzerland, and it also has 6 regional offices, which are as follows:

  1. Harare (Africa),
  2. Copenhagen (Europe),
  3. New Delhi (Southeast Asia),
  4. Washington DC (USA),
  5. Cairo (East Mediterranean),
  6. Manila (West Pacific)

In addition, World Health Organization has 153 field offices in countries, territories, or areas.

Board Members of World Health Organization (WHO)

Board Members of World Health Organization (WHO) are as follows:

AFRICA

  • BOTSWANA – Dr Edwin Dikoloti (2020-2023)
  • BURKINA FASO – Professeur Adama Traore (2019-2022)
  • GHANA – Mr Kwaku Agyeman-Manu (2020-2023)
  • GUINEA-BISSAU – Dr Agostinha Mbarco Ndumba (2020-2023)
  • KENYA – Dr Patrick Amoth (2019-2022)
  • MADAGASCAR – Professeur Zely Arivelo Randriamanantany (2020-2023)
  • RWANDA – Dr Daniel Ngamije Madandi (2021-2024)

AMERICAS

  • ARGENTINA – Sra. Carla Moretti (2019-2022)
  • COLOMBIA – Sr. Luis Alexander Moscoso Osorio (2020-2023)
  • GRENADA – Mr Nickolas Steele (2019-2022)
  • GUYANA – Dr Franck C.S. Anthony (2019-2022)
  • PARAGUAY – Dr. Julio César Borba Vargas (2021-2024)
  • PERU – Ms Silvia Elena Alfaro Espinosa (2021-2024)

SOUTH-EAST ASIA

  • BANGLADESH – Mr Zahid Maleque (2019-2022)
  • INDIA – Dr Harsh Vardhan (2020-2023)
  • TIMOR-LESTE – Mr Bonifacio Mau Coli Dos Reis (2021-2024)

EUROPE

  • AUSTRIA – Dr Clemens Martin Auer (2019-2022)
  • BELARUS – Dr Dmitry Leonidovich Pinevich (2021-2024)
  • DENMARK – Dr Søren Brostrøm (2021-2024)
  • FRANCE – Professeur Jérôme Salomon (2021-2024)
  • RUSSIAN FEDERATION – Mr Mikhail Albertovič Murashko (2020-2023)
  • SLOVENIA – Ms Kerstin Vesna Petrič (MD) (2021-2024)
  • TAJIKISTAN – Professor Salomuddin Yusufi (2019-2022)
  • UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND – Professor Chris Whitty (2020-2023)

EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN

  • AFGHANISTAN – Dr Wahid Majrooh (2021-2024)
  • OMAN – Dr Ahmed Mohammed Al Saidi (2020-2023)
  • SYRIAN ARAB REPUBLIC – Dr Hassan Mohammad Al Ghabbash (2021-2024)
  • TUNISIA – Dr Faical Ben Salah (2019-2022)
  • UNITED ARAB EMIRATES – Mr Abdulrahman Al Owais (2019-2022)

WESTERN PACIFIC

  • JAPAN – Dr Hiroki Nakatani (2021-2024)
  • MALAYSIA – Mr Khairy Jamaluddin (2021-2024)
  • REPUBLIC OF KOREA – Mr Kim Ganglip (2020-2023)
  • SINGAPORE – Dr Janil Puthucheary (2019-2022)
  • TONGA – Dr Amelia Afuha’amango Tu’ipulotu (2019-2022)

Chairman and Officers of the Executive Board

Chairman and Officers of the Executive Board are as follows:

PositionNameCountry
ChairmanDr Patrick AmothKenya
Vice-Chair 1Dr Wahid MajroohAfghanistan
Vice-Chair 2Mr Kim GanglipRepublic of Korea
Vice-Chair 3Mrs Carla MorettiArgentina
Vice-Chair 4Dr Clemens Martin AuerAustria
RapporteurMr Zahid MalequeBangladesh

WHO Guidelines

The development of global guidelines ensuring the appropriate use of evidence represents one of the core functions of the World Health Organization (WHO). Recommendations (such as clinical interventions, diagnostic tests or public health measures) that can impact upon public health policies or clinical interventions are considered guidelines for WHO purposes. Here You will find some of the most recent guidelines: Latest WHO guidelines approved by the Guidelines Review Committee

Journals of the World Health Organization

Here, You can have more information regarding the Journals of the World Health Organization:- Journals and series (Click Here)