Permanent Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus (PNDM)

Permanent neonatal diabetes mellitus (PNDM) is a type of diabetes that first appears within the first six months of life. This form of diabetes is associated with partial or complete insulin deficiency. This type of neonatal diabetes is caused by activating mutations of the KCNJ11 gene. Symptoms of Permanent Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus Individuals with permanent … Read more

Capillary Refill Time in Neonates

Capillary Refill Time in Neonates

Capillary refill time (CRT) is defined as the time taken for colour to return to an external capillary bed after pressure is applied to cause blanching. It was first described in 1947 and has since become widely adopted as part of the rapid structured circulatory assessment of ill children. Capillary refill time (CRT) is a … Read more